More Police Success

Complied by RL Dakin
A sample of what the police actually do: 
“Police say 32 people have been charged with 78 offences in a six-day co-ordinated investigation into human trafficking across Canada…”
– Global News
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“Police have charged 14 Alberta men with online child sexual exploitation following a lengthy investigation… and together face a total of 33 charges…
… To date they have found up to 25,000 photos and videos. Each of those photos represents a real world victim…”
– CBC 
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“… Ontario’s Provincial Strategy to Protect Children from Sexual Abuse and Exploitation on the Internet has completed 32,808 investigations and laid 11,408 charges against 3,310 people, police said.
During that period, 870 child victims were identified in Ontario, and another 173 internationally, OPP said.
The child pornography probe also overlapped with incidents connected to human trafficking, allowing police to release nine minors who had been forced into the sex trade against their will.
Those children included 14, 15, and 16-year-olds, police said…”
– Globe and Mail 
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“… CETS has been credited for the arrest of 64 suspects and the rescue of 43 victims of child pornography or sexual exploitation, according to Michael Eisen, chief legal officer, Microsoft Canada…”
– IT World Canada 
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“… Since it was established in 2003, the VGT collaboration:
– rescued hundreds of children around the world from sexual abuse

– conducted numerous targeted law enforcement operations into online and offline offending, resulting in over 1000 suspects being investigated

– identified and held to account hundreds of child sex offenders worldwide.
Such examples of these operations include:
– Operation Endeavour (Jan 2014) – an organized crime group that facilitated the live streaming of on-demand child sexual abuse in the Philippines was dismantled …
– Operation Endeavor which began in 2012, has to date resulted in: 29 international arrests, of which 11 were part of the facilitation group in the Philippines; 15 children in the Philippines aged between 6-15 identified and safeguarded from sexual abuse; and over £37,500 ($60,000) identified as having been paid for the live abuse of children by the customer network.
– Operation Rescue (March 2011) – a global paedophile network consisting of thousands of online members was shattered, resulting in more than 200 children being safe-guarded and 184 offenders arrested across the globe…
– Operation Basket (December 2010) – resulted in approximately 230 commercial child sexual exploitation websites being taken down and five key members of the criminal organisation behind these web sites being arrested in the Ukraine
– Operation Elm (August 2008) – over 360 suspects were identified worldwide, over 50 UK arrests and at least 15 children safeguarded.
– Operation Chandler (June 2007) – more than 700 suspects were identified worldwide and more than 40 children safeguarded worldwide.
– Virtual Global Task Force
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“… The evidence was strong enough to put Stephen Keating behind bars for 110 years. Investigators rescued his 14 victims…”
– WNEP
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“… Members of the Alberta Law Enforcement Response Teams have arrested 10 people in connection with a child sexual exploitation sting…”
– CTV 
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“… Police say a dozen suspects have been arrested after a years-long child sexual exploitation investigation involving approximately 150 officers.
Quebec’s provincial police force Surete du Quebec say the suspects, who range in age from 27 to 74, took part in online discussions about sexual experiences with children and exchanged tips on the best place to meet kids without sparking suspicion…”
– CTV
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“… 303 people suspected of distributing and producing child sexual exploitation material online were arrested as a result of Operation Atlas… A further 106 victims were identified as a result of this global initiative…”
– Europol
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“… Eight Albertans are facing child sexual exploitation charges following a seven month-long investigation by the Alberta Law Enforcement Response Teams (ALERT)…”
– Global News
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“… Hamilton police have charged nine individuals in southern Ontario following an investigation …. Over 100 devices were seized…”
– Global News
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“Nearly 400 children have been rescued and 348 adults arrested following an expansive and “extraordinary” international child pornography investigation, Canadian police announced Thursday…
… 50 people were arrested in Ontario, 58 in the rest of Canada, 76 in the United States, and 164 internationally…”
– NBC
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The Canadian Centre for Child Protection has a new tool in its fight to find and eliminate child sexual abuse material on the internet.
On Tuesday, the Winnipeg-based agency introduced Project Arachnid, an automated system that searches links on websites previously reported to Cybertip.ca.
The innovative tool detects content at a speed exponentially faster than current methods, according to CCCP, which said in a recent six-week trial period, Project Arachnid:
• Processed over 230 million web pages.

• Detected over 5.1 million unique web pages hosting child sexual abuse material.

• Detected over 40,000 unique images of child sexual abuse.
– CBC
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“A central Alberta man has been sentenced to nine years in jail for sexually assaulting a teenage boy… Pixley was sentenced to three years on each count to be served consecutively.”
– CBC
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“A Halifax-area man is facing child luring charges after police searched a home this week… Paul was charged with luring a child and providing sexually explicit material to a child…”
– Metro News

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“On Nov. 18, the provincial Internet Child Exploitation unit with assistance from the RCMP Technological Crime Unit and Cumberland District RCMP searched a home in Athol.
Darryl Wayne Baxter was arrested at the scene without incident.
In Nova Scotia, it is mandatory for citizens to report suspected child pornography. This means that anyone who encounters child pornography material or recordings must report it to the police.
– Cumberland News Now

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“… York region police said 104 men have been arrested over a period of several years after police posed as underage sex workers online. The officers posed as children between the ages of 13 and 16.
Out of the completed cases, 87 per cent of suspects (35 out of 40) either pleaded guilty or were found guilty in court.
Sixty-four cases are still before the courts…”
– CTV News
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“A 40-year-old man from Ferndale, Wash. has been sentenced to six and a half years in prison for secretly trying to cross the border last May to have sex at an Abbotsford hotel with someone he thought was a 12-year-old girl.
– Abbottsford News 
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“A civilian employee of the Edmonton Police Service is facing child exploitation charges following an investigation launched in February by Victoria Police.
– Victoria Buzz
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“Police in southwestern Ontario say 78 people have been arrested in a human trafficking investigation.
… a total of 129 criminal code charges were laid, including four human trafficking charges and 24 drug charges. Thirty-five alleged customers were also charged…”
– CTV News

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“Dozens of people have been arrested, and 16 victims removed from exploitative situations, in a cross-country effort to crack down on human trafficking.
– Globe and Mail

Depression (differential diagnoses)

Depression, one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders,[2][3] is being diagnosed in increasing numbers in various segments of the population worldwide.[4][5] Depression in the United States alone affects 17.6 million Americans each year or 1 in 6 people. Depressed patients are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and suicide. Within the next twenty years depression is expected to become the second leading cause of disability worldwide and the leading cause in high-income nations, including the United States. In approximately 75% of completed suicides, the individuals had seen a physician within the prior year before their death, 45–66% within the prior month. About a third of those who completed suicide had contact with mental health services in the prior year, a fifth within the preceding month.[6][7][8][9][10]

There are many psychiatric and medical conditions that may mimic some or all of the symptoms of depression or may occur comorbid to it.[11][12][13] A disorder either psychiatric or medical that shares symptoms and characteristics of another disorder, and may be the true cause of the presenting symptoms is known as a differential diagnosis.[14]

Many psychiatric disorders such as depression are diagnosed by allied health professionals with little or no medical training,[15] and are made on the basis of presenting symptoms without proper consideration of the underlying cause, adequate screening of differential diagnoses is often not conducted.[16][17][18][19][20][21] According to one study, “non-medical mental health care providers may be at increased risk of not recognizing masked medical illnesses in their patients.”[22]

Misdiagnosis or missed diagnoses may lead to lack of treatment or ineffective and potentially harmful treatment which may worsen the underlying causative disorder.[23][24] A conservative estimate is that 10% of all psychological symptoms may be due to medical reasons,[25] with the results of one study suggesting that about half of individuals with a serious mental illness “have general medical conditions that are largely undiagnosed and untreated and may cause or exacerbate psychiatric symptoms”.[26][27]

In a case of misdiagnosed depression recounted in Newsweek, a writer received treatment for depression for years; during the last 10 years of her depression the symptoms worsened, resulting in multiple suicide attempts and psychiatric hospitalizations. When an MRI finally was performed, it showed the presence of a tumor. However, she was told by a neurologist that it was benign. After a worsening of symptoms, and upon the second opinion of another neurologist, the tumor was removed. After the surgery, she no longer suffered from depressive symptoms.[28]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression_(differential_diagnoses)

Ephebophilia

Ephebophilia is the primary or exclusive adult sexual interest in mid-to-late adolescents, generally ages 15 to 19.[1][2] The term was originally used in the late 19th to mid 20th century.[2] It is one of a number of sexual preferences across age groups subsumed under the technical term chronophilia. Ephebophilia strictly denotes the preference for mid-to-late adolescent sexual partners, not the mere presence of some level of sexual attraction.

In research environments, specific terms are used for chronophilias: for instance, ephebophilia to refer to the sexual preference for mid-to-late adolescents,[1][3] hebephilia to refer to the sexual preference for earlier pubescent individuals, and pedophilia to refer to the sexual preference for prepubescent children.[3][4] However, the term pedophilia is commonly used by the general public to refer to any sexual interest in minors below the legal age of consent, regardless of their level of physical or mental development.[5]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ephebophilia

Hebephilia

Hebephilia is the strong and persistent adult sexual interest in pubescent (early adolescent) individuals, typically ages 11–14 (see the Tanner stage). It differs from ephebophilia, which is the strong and persistent sexual interest to those in later adolescence, approximately 15–19 years old,[1][2] and from pedophilia,[2] which is the primary or exclusive sexual attraction to prepubescent children.[3][4][5] While individuals with a sexual preference for adults may have some sexual interest in pubescent-aged individuals,[2][6] researchers and clinical diagnoses have proposed that hebephilia is characterized by a sexual preference for pubescent rather than adult partners.[2][7]

Hebephilia is approximate in its age range because the onset and completion of puberty vary. Partly because of this, some definitions of chronophilias (sexual preference for a specific physiological appearance related to age) show overlap between pedophilia, hebephilia and ephebophilia;[2] for example, the DSM-5 extends the prepubescent age to 13,[3] the ICD-10 includes early pubertal age in its definition of pedophilia,[8] and some definitions of ephebophilia include adolescents aged 14 to late adolescents. On average, girls begin the process of puberty at age 10 or 11; boys at age 11 or 12,[9] and it is argued that separating sexual attraction to prepubescent children from sexual attraction to early-to-mid or late pubescents is clinically relevant.[1][2]

According to research by Ray Blanchard et al. (2009), male sex offenders could be separated into groups by victim age preference on the basis of penile plethysmograph response patterns. Based on their results, Blanchard suggested that the DSM-5 could account for these data by subdividing the existing diagnosis of pedophilia into hebephilia and a narrower definition of pedophilia.[1] Psychologist Bruce Rind and sociologist Richard Yuill have published criticism of the classification of hebephilia as a mental disorder, though their view is that Blanchard et al. successfully established hebephilia as a “genuine sexual preference”; they suggested that if hebephilia were listed in the DSM-5, that it be coded as a condition that results in significant social problems today.[10] Blanchard’s proposal to add hebephilia to the DSM-5 proved controversial,[2][11] and was not adopted.[12]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebephilia

Pedophilia

Pedophilia or paedophilia is a psychiatric disorder in which an adult or older adolescent experiences a primary or exclusive sexual attraction to prepubescent children.[1][2] Although girls typically begin the process of puberty at age 10 or 11, and boys at age 11 or 12,[3] criteria for pedophilia extend the cut-off point for prepubescence to age 13.[1] A person who is diagnosed with pedophilia must be at least 16 years old, but adolescents must be at least five years older than the prepubescent child for the attraction to be diagnosed as pedophilia.[1][2]

Pedophilia is termed pedophilic disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and the manual defines it as a paraphilia involving intense and recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about prepubescent children that have either been acted upon or which cause the person with the attraction distress or interpersonal difficulty.[1] The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) defines it as a sexual preference for children of prepubertal or early pubertal age.[4]

In popular usage, the word pedophilia is often applied to any sexual interest in children or the act of child sexual abuse.[5][6] This use conflates the sexual attraction to prepubescent children with the act of child sexual abuse, and fails to distinguish between attraction to prepubescent and pubescent or post-pubescent minors.[7][8] Researchers recommend that these imprecise uses be avoided because although people who commit child sexual abuse sometimes exhibit the disorder,[6][9] child sexual abuse offenders are not pedophiles unless they have a primary or exclusive sexual interest in prepubescent children,[7][10][11] and the literature indicates the existence of pedophiles who do not molest children.[5][12][13]

Pedophilia was first formally recognized and named in the late 19th century. A significant amount of research in the area has taken place since the 1980s. Although mostly documented in men, there are also women who exhibit the disorder,[14][15] and researchers assume available estimates underrepresent the true number of female pedophiles.[16] No cure for pedophilia has been developed, but there are therapies that can reduce the incidence of a person committing child sexual abuse.[6] The exact causes of pedophilia have not been conclusively established.[17] Some studies of pedophilia in child sex offenders have correlated it with various neurological abnormalities and psychological pathologies.[18] In the United States, following Kansas v. Hendricks, sex offenders who are diagnosed with certain mental disorders, particularly pedophilia, can be subject to indefinite civil commitment.[19]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedophilia

A Creep Catchers Q&A

by Craig E Jones, Q.C., Professor of Law.

Q: Why are you opposed to Creep Catchers?

A: I’ve been observing the online growth of the Creep Catchers movement and I oppose it for many reasons. But most fundamentally, I think it is dangerous to have entertainment-based law enforcement, driven by competition for attention and viewership. We have seen Surrey Creep Catchers, for instance, go from a few discrete “sting” operations to its present state, where it taunts an uncritical audience of thousands (“Who wants a live catch?”), and tries to constantly outdo itself (and competing CC groups) with the number of “catches”. Couple this with its adoption of the fundamentally fascist tactic of excluding critical or reluctant voices by branding critics as “pedo lovers”, its attempts at commercialization through online advertising and T-shirt sales, and so on, and you have a bad situation. It’s becoming a machine that will feed its audiences craving with more and more “blasts”, and it won’t care if the “targets” are guilty or innocent. And that’s exactly what we’re seeing now.
That’s my basic philosophical objection. Operationally, I worry about their education, training and intelligence, which all seem to be lacking (I’m trying not to be unkind, but many seem to be essentially unemployable criminals who can barely craft a coherent sentence), and the mesmerized adoration of their followers. I dislike the Creep Catchers methods, which involve the systematic offences against many innocent people, and the occasionally sadistic glee that characterizes their “operations”.

Q: Is it because you’re a goof and a creep and a pedophile who’s afraid he’s going to be caught?

A: This is kind of like saying that if you’re opposed to capital punishment for rapists, then you must be a rapist, or at least pro-rape. I’m the father of two kids aged 9 and 13. I care a lot about what happens to them, and I also care a lot about the kind of world that they’re growing up to live in. I don’t want that to be the Creep Catchers world. Just because we disagree about the Creep Catchers doesn’t mean we disagree about child sexual abuse. Every right-thinking parent is terrified by the thought of a child becoming the victim of a predator. But we can’t let that primal fear be cynically exploited by online entertainers, and lead us to sacrifice our most basic morals and principles.

Q: What do you mean that the Catchers commit “offenses against many innocent people”? Don’t the “creeps” get what they deserve?

A: Most of the people initially sucked into CC stings aren’t “creeps” – they’re adults looking to meet other adults on dating sites. When the Catchers place an ad, they pretend to be an adult woman. Many people respond to that ad, in good faith, and there’s a conversation – maybe an hour, maybe weeks or months. At some point the CC ‘drop the age bomb’ and claim to (now) be an underage girl. Most men then terminate the conversation, but not before the CC have harvested their personal information using online deception, tricked them into revealing often intimate details about their lives, and wasted their time. This is an offence under the Personal Information Protection Act, and a civil wrong under the Privacy Act. And it’s also just plain wrong – people have a right to use dating sites without being subject to amateur virtue tests operated by some hopped-up slob hovering over a computer screen in some Surrey basement. Creep catchers may enjoy their little ‘cloak and dagger’ ‘cat and mouse’ game, but they have no right to include others in it against their will.

Q: OK, but the ones they do catch aren’t innocent, right?

A: Depends on what you mean by “innocent”. From the CC videos and chats I’ve seen, I would say that many of the “blasted” aren’t “guilty” in the criminal sense, although of course some of them are. But the CC don’t set their threshold at criminal guilt: they have a “moral bright line” that says anyone who will agree to meet with an underage person is a pedophile. I personally question this threshold, because I can conceive of many reasons adults and teenagers can legitimately and innocently talk with each other. It worries me that CC apparently can’t believe that a 14 or 15 year old is anything but a sexual object. But really, that’s something about which reasonable people can disagree. If the CC simply reported what people did (“Target X agreed to meet a 15 year old for coffee and discuss art”), that would be one thing, but their obsession with underage sex makes them leap to the further conclusion: (“Target x agreed to meet a 15 year old for coffee and discuss art, therefore he is a pedophile, child molester, and deserves to have his life ruined”).

Occasionally they go much further. When Sean Smith posted an online video in which he criticized the CC groups, Ryan LaForge, SCC President, made a number of posts identifying Smith as a pedophile. Enthusiastic followers uncritically believe what Ryan LaForge says, so they went to war against Smith. One of them even posted a photo of Smith’s elderly mother, because, he explained, Smith’s actions must have “repercussions”. There’s plenty of other examples. In one SCC video, a “target” is chased to a police station. When the cop treats the CC group with what seemed to supporters to be rudeness, the mob says “he must be a pedophile too”, and so he becomes the “pedo cop” or the “goof cop”. There are dozens of examples. So on the ‘threshold of guilt’ question, we’ve now gone from definition A (people who try to arrange sex with a minor), to include B (people who meet with a minor for any reason) and now C (people who don’t enthusiastically support Creep Catchers). When you combine this “threshold” expansion with the CC need to maintain support through volume of “catches”, this becomes a greater and greater problem.

Q: So what are people supposed to do with the justice system failing them so badly?

A: Well to start with, I question the premise. Most people who talk about the failure of the justice system have no data to back that up – it’s just an impression that they have from TV and the internet. What they have is anecdotes to indicate that, despite all the police’s efforts, child sexual predation still occurs. That is the same of course for most things in life. Despite regulators’ efforts to demand safer cars, people are still killed in accidents. My own impression is that Canada does a very good job at investigating criminals and prosecuting crime, including internet luring. But we can’t be willing to allow groups to commit crimes, abuse rights, and basically do anything they want as long as a single child predator walks the streets, on the excuse that “at least they’re trying to help kids”.

But the question was, what can people do? Honestly, if you want to obsess over this aspect of child safety (sexual predation), focus on the real source – 90% or more – of the danger. Not online predators or other strangers, but family, friends, and other people who interact with kids in person. That’s where almost all of the abuse occurs. Second, to cover off the (mercifully unlikely) possibility of online predation, educate your kids, and kids generally, about the dangers and how to avoid them. CC’s time could be far more usefully employed in these areas, but it makes for poor TV, and investigations and education are hard. Their response is, of course, “well, you focus on those areas. I’m doing this”. Sure OK, but you asked.